Mausoleum was built on burial of the goddess Khoja Akhmet Yassawi, religious personality, legendary great person Arystan Bab. ArystanBab is the spiritual Sufi teacher of Otyrar, Sayram and Turkestan (Yassy). He is called in the legends as teacher and spiritual mentor of Khoja Akhmet Yassawi. Arystan-Bab, when dying, passed an amanat, enclosed in a persimmon kernel.
Legend says that Arystan bab was the companion of Prophet Muhammad. Once the Prophet and his companions were sitting and eating persimmon. One of fruits continually dropped out of plate, and the Prophet stated that, «This persimmon is intended for a Muslim Akhmed who will be born 400 years after me». The Prophet asked the companions who of them would give this persimmon to the future owner.
Nobody volunteered. The Prophet repeated the question, and then Arystan-Bab answered, «If you ask Allah to present me 400 years of life, then I will pass a persimmon». According to national legends and written sources (Risolai Sarem-Isfizhob and book of Kuprilozada), Arystan-Bab lived 400 years and became the mentor of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi and passed him a persimmon. Therefore, on the way to the mausoleum Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, it is the highest good to pay tribute to the Arystan-Bab. Mausoleum is a historical and cultural architectural monument for tourists, place of worships, national cultural treasure of the country, basis of spiritual traditions and it holds national value. Mausoleum of Arystan-Bab has been restored throughout many centuries. It is believed that Arystanbab lived in the 11th–12th centuries, and his mausoleum was built after his death.
However, in the mausoleum there were no signs left from the 12th century. Meanwhile, according to early Islam traditions, construction of a roof over a wall was forbidden. From this point of view, it is possible that Arystan Baba mausoleum was not constructed in the 12th century.
According to A. Cherkasov, the mausoleum of Arystan-Bab consisted of two rooms where the Saint and his pupils were buried. The project resembles the construction of the 14th century. Walls, corridors and dome are made from ceramics, the mosque itself is made of clay and the roof is made of wood. On the wall of the mosque there is a hollow point where the direction to Mecca is shown.